Energy Development Threats to Conserved Lands

February 24, 2015

Energy-Development-Threats-5

AMC staff monitors energy development proposals throughout the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic to assess impacts on conservation lands and other ecologically significant areas. Among the many projects currently under consideration are industrial-scale wind farms, power lines, and pipelines that would cut across the Appalachian Trail, fragment National Forests, and further develop critical areas like the Mid-Atlantic Highlands.

1. Number Nine Wind Farm (Aroostook County, Maine, near the town of Bridgewater)
Wind turbines (Status: proposed*; 83 to 100 turbines, 250 MW)

2. Green Line (Maine to Eastern Massachusetts)
Overhead and underwater power line to transmit wind-generated electricity (1,000+ MW)

3. Northeast Energy Link (Orrington, Maine, to Tewksbury, Mass.)
230-mile underground power line to transmit wind, hydro, and tidal power generated in Maine and Canada (1,100 MW)

4. Wind projects (Somerset & Piscataquis counties, Maine)
•    Bingham Wind Project (Bingham, Maine)
Wind turbines (Status: permitted; 62 turbines, up to 206 MW)
Impacts: Visible from the Appalachian Trail.

•    West Range Wind Project (Lexington, Concord, and Pleasant Ridge Plantation, Maine)
Wind turbines (Status: proposed; up to 33 turbines, up to 100 MW)
Impacts: Potentially visible from the Appalachian Trail.

•    Moscow Wind Project (Moscow, Maine)
Wind turbines (Status: proposed; 50 to 100 MW)
Impacts: Potentially visible from the Appalachian Trail.

•    Highland Wind Project (Highland Plantation, Alder Stream Township, Maine)
Wind turbines (Status: potential (previously proposed); 39 turbines, 100 MW)
Impacts: Visible from the Appalachian Trail.

•    Alder Stream Wind Project (Penobscot Indian Nation Tribal Lands, Maine)
Wind turbines (Status: potential; 227 MW)
Impacts: High-elevation habitat.

5. Black Mountain Wind Project (Rumford and Roxbury, Maine)
Wind turbines (Status: potential; 19 turbines, 40 MW)

6. Timberwinds Project (Dixfield, Maine)
Wind turbines (Status: potential; 6 to 12 turbines)

7. Northern Pass (Canada to Franklin, N.H.)
Overhead power line to transmit hydroelectric power (1,200 MW)
Impacts: Travels through more than 11 miles of the White Mountain National Forest, bisects and is visible from various viewpoints along the Appalachian Trail, multiple state parks, and private conservation lands.

8. North Country Wind (Dixville, N.H.)
Wind turbines (Status: potential; 180 MW)
Impacts: High-elevation habitat.

9. Jericho Power (Jericho Mountain, Berlin, N.H.)
Wind turbines (Status: permitted; 5 turbines, 14 MW)
Impacts: Visible from the White Mountain National Forest.

10. Spruce Ridge Wind Farm (Alexandria, Canaan, Dorchester, Groton, and Orange, N.H.)
Wind turbines (Status: proposed; 29 turbines)
Impacts: Visible from Cardigan Mountain State Park.

11. Antrim Wind Energy (Antrim, N.H.)
Wind turbines (Status: proposed; 9 turbines, 28.8 MW)

12. New England Clean Power Link (Canada to Ludlow, Vt.)
150-mile underwater and underground electric transmission line (1,000 MW)

13. Deerfield Wind Power (Readsboro & Searsburg, Vt.)
Wind turbines (Status: permitted; 15 turbines, 30 MW)
Impacts: Located within Green Mountain National Forest.

14. Northeast Energy Direct Pipeline (Pennsylvania to Dracut, Mass.)
Natural gas pipeline extension
Impacts: Bisects or is visible from Appalachian Trail, New England National Scenic Trail, Wapack Trail, Rhododendron State Park (New Hampshire), numerous privately conserved lands.

15. Pilgrim Pipeline (Linden, N.J., to Albany, N.Y.)
178-mile crude oil pipeline
Impacts: Crosses the Appalachian Trail in Sterling Forest State Park; bisects the Ramapo Mountains in the New Jersey Highlands.

16. Algonquin Incremental Market Line (Lambertville, N.J., through New York, Connecticut, and Massachusetts)
Natural gas pipeline extension
Impacts: Bisects the New York Highlands and Connecticut Highlands.

17. PennEast Pipeline (Luzerne County, Pa., to Mercer County, N.J.)
108-mile natural gas pipeline
Impacts: Crosses the Appalachian Trail; crosses the Lower Delaware Wild & Scenic River; crosses numerous state parks and other public lands, including Hickory Run State Park (Pennsylvania).

18. Diamond East Pipeline (Luzerne County, Pa., to Mercer County, N.J.)
50-mile natural gas pipeline expansion
Impacts: Crosses the Appalachian Trail; crosses the Lower Delaware Wild & Scenic River; crosses numerous state parks and other public lands, including Hickory Run State Park (Pennsylvania).

19. Atlantic Sunrise Pipeline/Central Penn Line (Susquehanna County to Lancaster County, Pa.)
Natural gas pipeline extension
Impacts: Crosses the Appalachian Trail; bisects the Pennsylvania Highlands.

20. Natural gas drilling (Pennsylvania)
Active natural gas drilling sites
Impacts: Pennsylvania state forests; numerous hiking, camping, and paddling locations in Pennsylvania.

21. Mariner East, Phase II (Ohio to Marcus Hook, Pa.)
Natural gas pipeline
Impacts: Crosses the Appalachian Trail; bisects the Pennsylvania Highlands.

22. Atlantic Coast Pipeline (West Virginia to Greensville County, Va.)
550-mile natural gas pipeline
Impacts: Crosses the Appalachian Trail

23. Mountain Valley (West Virginia to Pittsylvania County, Va.)
300-mile natural gas pipeline
Impacts: Crosses the Appalachian Trail

* STATUS:
•    Permitted: Not yet operational.
•    Proposed: In or close to permitting, or publicized by developer.
•    Potential: Known to be under consideration but details not known.

LEARN MORE

Read more about AMC’s conservation work:
• Wind Power Siting
• Natural Gas Development
• Northern Pass

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Marc Chalufour

Marc Chalufour, a former senior editor of AMC Outdoors, contributes to the trail-running blog Running Wild.