Greenhead Repellents

July 26, 2011

Greenheads are a type of large biting fly that live in saltwater marshes from early July until early August. When they’re out in force, they can be a blood-sucking bane for beachgoers from North Carolina to Maine. Here’s what you can do to keep them at bay.

Greenheads are big, roughly an inch long, and named for their large, distinctively colored eyes. Like mosquitoes, the females need blood to nurture their eggs. But unlike mosquitoes, which sip blood through a tiny proboscis, greenheads obtain their meal by ripping open victims’ flesh with razor-sharp, scimitar-like mouthparts. They then lap up the blood as it pools. And yes, having your skin torn open really hurts; welts often result as well.

Unfortunately, insect repellents have little effect on deterring greenhead advances, regardless of whether it’s DEET, picaridin, or other common repellents. No matter what you slather on, they will still land on you. (There is some evidence, however, that repellents do reduce the chances that they’ll actually bite once they’ve landed.)

So what to do? Here are your options:

  • Cover up, especially around your ankles and lower legs—greenheads seldom fly higher than about 3 feet off the ground.
  • Wear light colors. Greenheads are attracted to darker colors; blue is supposedly their favorite.
  • Pray for wind. A steady breeze keeps them effectively grounded.
  • Try using Avon Skin-So-Soft as a repellent, the most recommended chemical deterrent. My first-hand experience has shown that it does help keep them away, though not entirely.
  • Identify which member of your group is most attractive to greenheads—and stick close to them.
  • If all else fails, start a contest with your friends to see who can swat the most greenheads.

    Equipped” is an AMC Outdoors blog, written by Matt Heid.

Search AMC Outdoors and Blogs


Search for:

Matt Heid

Equipped blogger Matt Heid is AMC's gear guru: He loves gear and he loves using it in the field. While researching several guidebooks, including AMC's Best Backpacking in New England, he has hiked thousands of miles across New England, California, and Alaska, among other wilderness destinations. He also cycles, climbs, and surfs.